On October 2 Iraq’s parliament elected Kurdish politician Barham Salih as a new president. The vote for Salih was a key step toward forming a new government.
The new president surprised Iraqi political circles by immediately naming Shi’ite Adel Abdul Mahdi prime minister-designate. According to Iraq’s constitution, Abdul Mahdi now has 30 days to form a cabinet and present it to parliament for approval.
Earlier, on September 15 a 36-year old Sunni politician Mohammed Rikan Hadeed al-Halbousi was appointed speaker of the Council of Representatives (Parliament) of Iraq.
Therefore, the process of shaping Iraqi political institutions after May parliamentary elections passed an important milestone.
Since 2003 political powers in Iraq has been shared among Iraq’s three largest ethnic components. The prime minister post has traditionally been held by a Shi’ite Arab, the speaker of parliament by a Sunni Arab and the presidency by a Kurd.
Adel Abdul Mahdi
Iraqi Shi’ite politician, born 1942 in Baghdad.
In 1969 after Iraqi Ba’ath Party came to power, he left Iraq for exile in France.
In 2004 he was appointed Finance minister in Iraqi Interim Government and in 2005 – Vice President in Iraqi Transitional Government. He kept this position in a permanent government and stayed in this role till 2011.
In 2014-2016 Abdul Mahdi served as an Iraqi Oil Minister.
As a candidate for prime-minister position in 2018, Abdul Mahdi won the unprecedented support of both the Sairoon alliance of Moqtada al-Sadr and the Fateh bloc of Hadi al-Ameri.
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